Originally written on Fox Sports  |  Last updated 9/9/14

23 Jul 2000: The top 3 Riders in the Tour Jan Ullrich (left) of Germany and the Telekom team came second, Lance Armstrong (centre) of the USA and the US Postal team came first, and Joseba Beloki (right) of Spain and the Festina team came third all celebrate after the final Stage 21 between Paris and the Champs-Elysees during the 2000 Tour De France, France. \ Mandatory Credit: Doug Pensinger /Allsport
For almost as long as they have cycled the length and breadth of the country, Tour de France riders have doped - with everything from brandy to ghoulish blood transfusions. Back in 1924, the Pelissier brothers, Henri and Francis, were already telling journalist Albert Londres they rode ''on dynamite'' - using cocaine, chloroform and assorted pills. By the 1990s, riders had become pedaling pharmacies. And now? Here are some thoughts on that question before the 198 competitors set off on Saturday for the 100th Tour. --- HOW RAMPANT WAS DOPING? In Lance Armstrong's era, from the late 1990s to mid-2000s, clean riders were the minority. Armstrong, when he finally confessed this January, told Oprah Winfrey doping was ''part of the job.'' Anti-doping scientists estimated as many as 4 out of 5 riders in cycling's grand tours of France, Italy and Spain were cheating. This month, an investigation led by Dutch former justice minister Winnie Sorgdrager concluded that ''the vast majority of th...
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